These were actions that the Gulf Cartel disagreed with. They pointedly noted that they had carried out executions and kidnappings under orders of the Gulf Cartel when they served as their enforcers, and they were originally created by them for that sole purpose.
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Tamaulipas was mostly spared from the violence until early , when the Gulf Cartel's enforcers, Los Zetas , split from and turned against the Gulf Cartel, sparking a bloody turf war. When the hostilities began, the Gulf organization joined forces with its former rivals, the Sinaloa Cartel and La Familia Michoacana , aiming to take out Los Zetas.
The intense shootings provoked the temporary closure of three international bridges in Matamoros,  along with the University of Texas at Brownsville , just across the border. The Guardian newspaper mentioned that in a YouTube video, a convoy of SUV's filled with gunmen and pickups packed with marines were seen in a chase through the streets of Matamoros, Tamaulipas. And although there wasn't any visible confrontation between the two, the intensity of the situation was clear through the background noises of grenades explosions and automatic gunfire.
Nevertheless, according to the newspapers The Brownsville Herald and The Monitor from across the border in Brownsville, Texas and McAllen, Texas , around 50 people were killed in the gunfights. After this incident, there was a huge division of opinions over the fate of the Gulf Cartel. Some experts believed that the death of Ezekiel would be dreadful for the Gulf Cartel, and that Los Zetas would overthrow them and eventually take control of Tamaulipas.
According to El Universal , there are several music videos on YouTube that exalt the power of this armed group through narcocorridos.
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InSight Crime explains that the fundamental disagreement between the Rojos and the Metros was over leadership. Originally, the Gulf cartel was running smoothly, but the infighting between the two factions in the Gulf cartel triggered when Flores Borrego was killed on 2 September Some experts have found it difficult to argue that the Gulf Cartel does not impose a direct threat to the state , since they "do not seek political change," and that they only want to be left alone with their business. Observations indicate that the Gulf Cartel actually controls territories and imposes its own rules—often violent and bloody—over the population.
And in doing so, they inherently become a "competitor" with the state, who also claims sovereignty over its territories. Shannon , a U. National Drug Threat Assessment mentioned that the drug trafficking organizations like the Gulf Cartel tend to be less structured in U. The Gulf Cartel is believed to have ties with the 'Ndrangheta , an organized crime group in Italy that also has ties with Los Zetas. The main areas of demand and drug consumption are in Eastern Europe, the successor states of the Soviet Union. In Western Europe, the primarily increase has been in the use of cocaine.
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The Gulf Cartel and other Mexican drug trafficking groups are active in the northern and western parts of Africa. The rumors of the broken alliance between the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas began on blogs and mass emails in September , but it remained pretty much the same throughout that year—a rumor. But on 24 February , hundreds of trucks marked with C. On November 10, , a document from the Mexican government was released to the media and claimed that Los Rojos faction of the Gulf Cartel was planning to form an alliance with Los Zetas.
The latter was released from prison months earlier even though he was scheduled to serve years behind bars in January. The drug violence and political corruption that has plagued Tamaulipas , the homestate of the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas, has fueled thoughts of Tamaulipas becoming a "failed state" and a haven for drug traffickers and criminals of all kinds. Although drug-related violence has existed since the early beginnings of the Gulf Cartel, it often happened in low-profile levels, while the government agreed to "look the other way" while the drug traffickers went about their business—as long as they behaved.
It is the first time in 87 years, a governor from the opposition wins in the state. Both candidates have and continue to face accusations of receiving illicity money from the Gulf Cartel, while being mayors of two border towns. Cabeza de Vaca has been for 11 years a public servant, which questions according El Financiero, the origin of its wealth. In goes into the extent, in a recent book called Tamaulipas; La casta de de los narcogobernadores: un eastern mexicano is accused of being present while former governor Tomas Yarrigton, also accused of involvements with DTOs of the Gulf Cartel, received illicit money from the Gulf Cartel to finance its campaign for governor.
According to the media outlet, Baltazar Hinojosa brother in law, owns a shell company created by the law firm, where its board of directors' members are his wife and three daughters.
On 25 March in the city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas , 40 inmates escaped from a federal prison. At first, estimates mentioned that inmates had escaped, but later counts gave the exact figures.
According to CNN , more than prison inmates escaped from several prisons in Tamaulipas from January to March due to corruption. On 9 May , the Mexican government, along with Sedena , disarmed all police forces in the state of Tamaulipas , beginning with the cities of Matamoros and Reynosa. Although there have been efforts by the federal government to wipe out police corruption, Terra Networks published an article of a witness who said that the police forces in Matamoros, Tamaulipas work as "informants for the Gulf Cartel" and report on the activity of the Mexican military, and even "wave at [the cartel members]" when they see them in the streets.
The Sinaloa-Juarez alliance ceased to exist as well due to an unpaid debt in , and now the Sinaloa and Juarez Cartel are at war against each other. However, Ezekiel died in a shooting with the Mexican Marines in Matamoros, Tamaulipas in ,  and Costilla Sanchez became the sole head of the cartel until his arrest in September When drug trafficking tightens, they usually invest in more sophisticated methods to smuggle drugs, recruit new members, corrupt more officials, seek new ways to remove obstacles that impede the immediate success of the organization, along with many others.
It's worth noting that there are other operating groups within the drug cartels. For example, the drug producers and suppliers,  although not considered in the basic structure, are critical operators of any drug cartel, along with the financers and money launderers. Protection racketeering Organized crime groups opt for protection racketeering in an effort to control markets and "maintaining internal order. Kidnappings The Gulf Cartel, along with their rival group Los Zetas , have been the two drug cartels with the most kidnappings in all of Mexico , and "more than half of the country's kidnappings are attributed to them.
An intelligence agency mentioned that the Gulf Cartel kidnaps for three reasons:. In April in the border city of Reynosa, Tamaulipas , 68 kidnapped victims from different parts of Mexico and Central America were found in a safe house of the Gulf Cartel. Monterrey who was arrested in January for working in a kidnapping ring within the Gulf Cartel.
In the United States , the Gulf Cartel has been responsible for several kidnappings, primarily in the McAllen metropolitan area. Before , it was not clear whether the Gulf Cartel controls the human trafficking business in its territory or whether it simply taxes operators for using their smuggling corridors. Money laundering Some of the revenue of the Gulf Cartel is often laundered in several bank accounts, properties, vehicles, and gasoline stations.
Arms trafficking For the most part, the arms trafficking circles of the Gulf Cartel operate directly across the border in the United States , just like most of the criminal groups in Mexico. Prostitution network Prostitution circles are believed to be used by the Gulf Cartel to persuade journalists to favor them in the media.
Counterfeiting The Mexican criminal organizations like the Gulf Cartel launder money through counterfeiting , since they are free from taxes and more accessible to people who cannot buy original products. Police impersonation Reports indicate that gunmen from the Gulf Cartel often impersonate law enforcement officers, using military uniforms to confuse rival drug gangs and move freely through city streets. Transportation Due to the Gulf Cartel's territory in northern Tamaulipas , primarily in the border cities of Reynosa, Tamaulipas and Matamoros, Tamaulipas , they have been able to establish a sophisticated and extensive drug trafficking and distribution network along the U.
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While the entire Mexico—United States border has experienced high levels of drug trafficking and other illegal smuggling activities for decades, this activity tends to be concentrated in certain sectors within Texas. The high level of legitimate travel and movement of goods and services between border cities in the U.
The majority of the commerce between the United States and Mexico passes through the state of Texas.
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According to the National Drug Intelligence Center , drug traffickers commonly use private vehicles and commercial trucks to traffic narcotics throughout the state. The drug organizations usually use the Interstates 10 , 20 , 25 , 30 , and 35 , as well as U. Highways 59 , 77 , 83 , and Illicit drugs also are smuggled into and through Texas via commercial aircraft, cars, buses, passenger trains, pedestrians, and package delivery services.
Narcotics are also smuggled through the railroads that connect the U. Moreover, the Mexican drug traffickers often use small boats to transport drugs through the coastal areas of South Texas, usually operating at night to prevent them from being spotted by law enforcement officials. By constructing a tunnel, the cartel is able to get their product across the tight border security with the possibility of no detection. In an effort to use the seas, the cartel also implemented the use of narco submarines.
In May , Aurelio Cano Flores alias El Yankee was sentenced to 35 years in prison for conspiring to import multi-ton quantities of marijuana and cocaine into the United States. Cano Flores, also known as "Yeyo", was a former Mexican police officer and is the highest ranking Gulf Cartel member to be convicted by a U.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gulf Cartel Logo of the Gulf Cartel. Main article: Matamoros standoff. Main article: Infighting in the Gulf Cartel. See also: Human trafficking in Mexico.
go site InSight Crime. The Guardian. Retrieved 9 February La Vanguardia. Milenio Noticias. Archived from the original on 2 August Retrieved 31 July Insight: Organized Crime in the Americas. Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 19 September May Archived from the original PDF on 26 September Congressional Research Service. University of Texas Press.
Archived from the original PDF on 11 September Retrieved 12 October Border Security: A Reference Handbook.